THE IMPORTANCE OF KNOWLEDGE IN A CHANGING WORLD

New Yorker´s article “why is Donald Trump still so horribly witless about the world” discusses different episodes when Donald Trump has said or done something stupid or awkward. We went through the article looking at each and every individual statement to see if we knew more that president Trump.

 

Firstly, the journalist asked several advisors and top republicans about what they think Trump needs to understand in order to succeed as the president. There was a wide range of answers, such as: “Embrace the fact that the Russians are not America’s friends”. This, we did know. Throughout the last couple of months, we have heard about the russian involvement in the previous US election. This is very scary considering the historical relationship between these two countries.

 

Some of the officials also said: “Don’t further alienate the Europeans, who are our friends”. We have not heard too much about how Trump is alienating europeans. We are not particularly aware that he specifically has done or said something that is targeting any sort of relationship between europe and the states. an exception to this might be NATO. Earlier this spring we do recall that he claimed something about that he wanted to pay less to NATO. To be honest, we have to say that we do not know too much about this to say if it is fair or not.

 

Furthermore, some top republicans and advisors answered “Understand that North Korea’s nuclear program can’t be outsourced to China, which can’t or won’t singlehandedly fix the problem anyway, and realize that military options are limited”. We had no idea about this, but we agreed that if we had to make any important decisions concerning this we would study it and learn everything about this.

 

It was also said: “Pulling out of innovative trade deals, like the Trans-Pacific Partnership, will boost China’s economy and secure its global influence—to America’s disadvantage”. Economic integration between nations is very important in order of keeping the economy growing. Also, we have heard about that The US has a whole lot of national debt in china, so it would make a sense that China earns money on making trade embargos between them and the US

 

Another thing they meant president trump has to grasp is: “Stop bullying his counterparts”.

Obviously.. It is important to keep a serious and respectful vibe when you are the most powerful human in the world. we would also say that it is a democratic problem that he shows such a lack of respect towards his the people he is working with.

 

Later on in the article, the journalist talks about more specific incidents where Trump has made some “blunders”. Among others we get to know about when President Trump was visiting with the lebanese prime minister. Trump managed to claim the the lebanese forces were fighting on the front line against other militant groups in the middle east. One group he mentioned was the Hezbollah. Trump was apparently not aware the the Hezbollah is a part of the lebanese army. That is common knowledge. At least we knew it. It is very frightening that the most powerful person on the surface of the world did not have that knowledge.

 

After reading about President Trump’s mistakes it’s safe to say that history is important. Not only is it important because it can make an situation awkward, but also because the very least we can do is appreciate. In the end, our ancestors risked their lives so we could live a better one. The most important things on why history is so important is that you can avoid making the same mistakes as the ones in the past. It’s also important to know  if your sources are correct or fake. Under is a list on how to spot fake news, but it can as well be used to spot fake sources.

 

Tips on how to reveal fake news and sources:

 

  • Be skeptical to headlines: Many fake news have catchy headlines with block letters and exclamation mark.
  • Look at the URL-address closely: This is an easy tips to follow up on, if the address is falsified or ends with .com.co, it is most likely not a reliable source. If there are any misspells in the address, you should not trust the site.
  • Examine the source: You can ensure yourself that the news are true, if you trust the person who wrote it, if it was written by an organisation you should look up and read about it before you trust it.
  • Look out for unusual formats: Many fake news sites have misspells and an awkward layout. You should be sceptical to what you read if you see these red flags.
  • Consider the images: Many fake news you pictures and videos who are manipulated or taken out of contents. You can search for where the picture is from.
  • Control the dates: Often fake news contain timelines who don’t make sense or  dates of events who has been changed.
  • Check the evidence: You can look at sources the article used and check if they are correct. If the news has a lack of sources and names of experts, it can seem like the news are fake.
  • Look at other articles and reports: If there are no other news sources who report the news, it can indicate that the news are fake. The news are more likely to be true, if multiple sources you trust report it.  
  • Is the news article a joke?  Sometimes it’s hard to separate humor and news. Therefor you can look if the page usually posts jokes.

 

Some news are fake on purpose: Be critical to what you read, and only share what you know are reliable.   

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Redemption Day

 

We watched the movie “Erin Brockovich” today. The movie is based on a true story about Erin’s life.

 

Erin is an unemployed single mother of 3 children’s. With the lack of a formal education in law, she was very central and almost single-handed in a case against the Pacific Gas and Electric Company.

 

In general, everyone can have a significant difference in peoples life. There are different ways to have those impacts, for instance do the easy things like help people crossing the traffic, carry their heavy bag and so on. Or you can do it like Erin. Willing to sacrifice a lot, to let people live a normal life without any water pollution impacts, which can destroy peoples life. Erin worked for almost 2 years on the PG&E case.

 

Global challenges

Al Gore: New thinking on the climate crisis.

We can compare climate changes into military conflicts, they both have categories. There are local problems, such as air and water pollution. Then there are bigger problems such as acid rain over a large territory, which is a regional problem. Lastly, there are world problems. Everything is affected. Due to this, we need to respond with a worldwide response. Al Gore is telling us to switch to a greener way of living, as soon as possible. And most importantly there needs to be a global transition to low-carbon economy.

 

 

 

The middle east has had some issues this summer concerning heat. Some would say Europe have had some hot days with 22 degrees in Germany, 24 degrees in London and 24 degrees in Greece, but the real problem lays in Kuwait. The temperature rose to a record braking 54 degrees, just underneath the record that was made in 1913 in Death Valley, California, on 56,7 degrees. This shows that there are problems with the earths climate. The areas around equator are getting hotter and the poles are melting, as a result of us humans not taking enough care of our precious planet. In other words, the July month in the middle east goes down in the history books as one of the hottest ever recorded.

 

Climate change is one of the biggest problems we face. Out of all the global issues, climate change is estimated to be one of the most comprehensive and expensive ones to fix. This autumn a new president will be elected in the United States, and the two new candidates opinion on the the climate-issue has never been more different. Trump has referred to global warming as “a hoax” while Clinton on the other hand sees it as an urgent concern. In addition, Trumps VP candidate, Mike Pence, said in 2014: “We haven’t seen a lot of warming.”. Actually, 2014 was the hottest year recorded since 1881, according to NASA. Pence doubts that climate change is a real problem, while Trump on the other hand does not consider it a problem worth all the resources spent on it. The fact that possible leaders of one of the worlds most powerful countries do not believe in one of the biggest global issues is something a lot of people find terrifying.

 

You could say that Norway do not contribute a lot to the climate changes with us having around 99% of all our energy coming from water energy, but we actually do contribute to climate change quite a lot. First of all, we sell a lot of oil. This oil of course ends up in our atmosphere sooner or later, contributing to the world heating up. Then we have our high kWh per citizen, which stands around a whopping 27 000 kWh. If we were to do drastic changes to our contribution to climate change, it could be to cut the kWh per citizen and sell more water energy to other countries- Even though we already sell quite a lot, the numbers could be higher which then again results in more money to Norway that we can for example use on environmental friendly causes or charity.

 

 

 

Sources:

 

https://snl.no/energiforbruk%2Fi_forskjellige_land

http://dangersobstaclessolutions.blogspot.no/2013/01/analysis-of-al-gore-new-thinking-on.html

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/trump-s-vp-doubts-climate-change1/

 

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/kuwait-swelters-record-breaking-54c-heatwave-weather-7152911.html

My advice to next year students

We watched some short speeches held by Steven Spielberg, Ellen DeGeneres and J.K Rowling today. These commencement speeches were held for parents and students in Harvard and Tulane University.

 

Her idea of success is different. As people grow the definition of success will change.  Ellen’s most important thing in life is to live a life with integrity and not to give into peer pressure and be something that you are not. To live your life as an honest and compassionate person and to contribute in some way. – Ellen DeGeneres in her speech at Tulane University 2009.

If you do not remember a single word of mine, I hope you remember those of Seneca, another of those old Romans I met down the Classics corridor, in search of ancient wisdom: “as is a tale, so is life: not how long it is, but how good it is, is what matters”. J.K.Rowling’s commencement speech at Harvard 2008. J.K.Rowling also said that failure is an important stage of life.

Steven Spielberg dropped out of school because he got an offer for his dream job in early ages. But he changed his mind, he always said that education is important to his kids. But the fact that he did not finish it himself, made him finish his education after some years, for his kids. Character defining moment: the moment you fail but the way you act in those moments defines you.

There will be hard times, but always be patient. In school you get a lot of chances, but it’s all about taking them and not avoiding them. To drop out of school is a very easy thing to do, but staying in school even if it gives you a challenge or two defines who you are.

Reading of The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian

 

This book has a theme that is pretty much relevant with everyday life. Alcoholism, death  and the fact that Indians believe they dont have any hope, makes it worse. I would also say that the book managed to point out love. Junior and Penelope’s semi-love would be symbolized as light in the end of the tunnel when he transferred school from Winnipit to Reardan.

 

The surrounds and enviroment in this book, is something that was relevant in those days. Racism and abusive against those who stood out was normal then. Arnold (Junior) lived in a reservation in Winnipit. People there believed there was no hope for those who stayed in the reservation to long, they said people would just die there without being anyone or anything. 3-4 miles north there is a small city that consisting of white poeple. Arnold does not fit in there at all.

 

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Halfway in the book, Arnold decides to get a proper education. There is not many of his kind that has changed school from Winnipit to Reardan. His best friend Rowdy gets angry because of the decision. I would say the plot of the story took place in this part of the book.

 

Arnold is an insecure person. The way he feels is different from the way he acts. ”We were supposed to be happy with our limitations. But there was no way Penelope and I were going to sit still. Nope, we both wanted to fly” Arnold said. He is desperately seeking to be something in this world. We can clearly see that he is way more secure and confident on himself in the end.

 

My own impression about the book is that it is a fantastic written book, with a hint of recreation of Alexie Sherman’s life. The language is simpel and i think that the text is directed towards people at our age. This is clearly one of the better books i have read.

The election in the US

Two democrats and three Republicans are still in the running for their 2016 presidential nomination. The most famous candidates for this year is, Donald Trump, Hilary Clinton, Ted Cruz, Bernie Sanders and John Kasich.

I took a political election quiz today. It showed me which of the candidates I have most in common with. Hilary Clinton was in first place, with 81% in common, John Kasich came right behind her, with 79%.

I really think there should be a more restriction on the current process of purchasing guns. A gun can take a life, and there are a lot of episodes about this in the US right now. In California, 53% of the population has voted yes to get more restriction on this purchasing guns, and 47% voted no. 45% voted yes, 7% voted: Yes, require strict background checks, psychological testing, and training. 1% voted yes and ban all guns from public use. The democrats is also voting yes. 80% voted yes and 20% voted no. In contrast, 84% of the Republicans voted no, and only 16% voted yes.

I could never vote for Donald Trump, the way he forces and uses violence to get what he want’s is wrong. Trump could not have been a candidate in Europe, because the majority disagrees with him and the way he works. He is also giving voice to voters frustrations and fears about America’s place in the world.

You don’t make America great by getting rid of everything that made America great in the first place. -Hillary Clinton. This sentence is referred to Donald Trump and his actions. Because this is exactly what Trump’s ideology is based on.

America needs a president who will stand up to the fossil fuel industry and tell them their profits are not more important than the planet. -Berne Sanders. A lot of Sanders ideology is based on the future. Our actions has something to say about the future.

The Republicans significance is mostly based on low taxes for everyone, even if it increases the youth’s scholarship. The Republicans are more traditional unlike the Democrats. The Democrats wants to promote same sex gay marriage and Obamacare. rep_dem

A delegate is someone who attends in communicates on behalf of an organization. They normally discuss ideas at a meeting. The amount of delegates needed to become the Republican Party nominee is a simple majority of 1237 out of 2472 total delegates at the Republican National Convention. The democrats need 2833 delegates to success.

I chose to read: Facing a key test in Ohio, Trump takes aim at Kasich.                                           In this newspaper, we read about 2 candidates who are pretty aggressive. They are trying to scold each other out, at front of the media. And as they say in the paper, Trump has served up a smorgasbord full of scorn: Kasich is a baby, Kasich is a loser, Kasich is weak and  Kasich isn’t very bright. This is just a small part of all the other things that has been stated. The second article i’ve read is called: More big wins for Clinton and Trump.                 Those two candidates has won a lot of votes. Sooner or later will they stand in front of each other. Who will win then? Trump lost in Ohio, but picked up a few wins in Illinois and Nort-Caroline. But Clinton triumphed Tuesday in the Flo Rida.

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If i was an American, I would vote for Hillary Clinton. Due to my Political quiz today, 81% of what i agreed to had something in common with Clinton. The last person i would have been voting for is Donald Trump, because of his crazy ideologies. Hillary Clinton could also make a history by becoming the first woman-president of the US. I also think Clinton conveys in a serious and correctly way. What Clinton stands for, and what she is fighting for to complete is something that has a lot in common with my opinion about what is good. So the conclusion is that as long as Donald Trump doesn’t win, I will be happy.