The Syrian war

A president without leading his folk into a peaceful society, with political freedom. Fighting against corruption and unemployment, is a president who should expect demonstrations from his folk. The people of Syria planned to march a peaceful uprising against their president, just like Tunisia. But their expectation did not become the reality, the uprising turned into a full-scale civil war.

 

In March 2011, a pro-democracy demonstrations erupted in the southern city of Deraa against president Bashar al-Assad, who succeeded his late father Hafez. When the government in Syria forced to crush the dissent with deadly forces, the protests from the people erupted nationwide. More than 400,000 people have been killed or are missing as a result of the deadly forces that got to be used. The three stages of Syria’s war starts with shootings, which is the most common cause of death, but that got replaced by mortar attacks during the conflict’s bloodiest period in 2012, followed by regime-led aerial strikes.

 

It is now more than a battle between those for or against president al-Assad. The situation has become far more complex, with other countries – each with their own agendas involved. Russia, Iran, France, US and UK are some of the countries that has engaged military and financial in the Syrian War. The war has extended to a whole new level, which also lead to a refugee crisis. 53% of Syrians have been uprooted from their homes. The pre war population of Syria was 22 million, there are now 5.6 million refugees and 6.1 million people who are internally displaced.

 

The war does not look like it will end any time soon, but everyone agrees a political solution is required. The future does not look bright, when President al-Assad has appeared increasingly unwilling to negotiate with the opposition. The demonstrators still insist he must step down as part of any settlement.

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More crime in London than New York?

According to the telegraph both London and New York have approximately a population of 8 million, figures suggest that you are almost six times more likely to be burgled in the British capital than in the US city, and one and a half times more likely to fall victim to a robbery. London has also almost three times the number of reported rapes. These statistics are shocking.

Under the leadership of Mayor Rudy Giuliani and police commissioner, Bill Bratton, the NYPD introduced zero tolerance approach for low level crime, which means that all crime matters. With this tactic, the criminals will fear and probably avoid the crimes on a higher level, such as murdering and raping. This makes sense because when people know that the police officers and the law will be strict on the low level crime, they will be even more strict on high level crime.

So far, the force has been an good influence on the society in the US. This way of solution can put a huge amount of emphasis on community policing in order to build bridges between the police and members of the public. I support this solution and I claim that this is the biggest reason for why New York experience less crime than in London.

Sources:

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/10/20/london-now-dangerous-new-york-crime-stats-suggest/

The hate u give – meaningful sentence

After hours of reading, i first saw something very special. A meaningful sentence that i really found interesting. But i kept reading, in a desperate attempt to try to find another sentence that was even better. But i kept falling back to the same sentence which was “Listen! The Hate U – the letter U – Give Little Infants Fucks Everybody. T-H-U-G L-I-F-E.” The reason I found this interesting was because I’ve heard it somewhere else. I thought that i might have heard it in a song or something, and that seemed to be right. I used to hear a lot to Tupac Shakur when i was younger.

“As creator of the concept Tupac assumed the position as its spokesperson, and had the phrase T.H.U.G L.I.F.E tattooed across his abdomen. this reflects sentiments of those found in “Brenda’s Got a Baby” when Tupac says that Brenda’s situation affected the whole community. Tupac’s idea in the meaning behind the words that made up T.H.U.G L.I.F.E was that society’s perception and treatment of children who live in the ghetto has negative implications for everyone live there because those children eventually grow up to be adults.” By Malcom Tariq

Source:

https://scholarblogs.emory.edu/eurj/files/2013/10/tupac.pdf

 

 

Black lives matter

In 2013, three radical Black organizers – Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors, Opal Tometi created a black centered political will and movement building project called “Black live matters”.

Black lives matter is a movement that has caught national attention after the deaths of five Dallas police officers and two police shootings that are still under investigation. The movement protests and argues against that black citizens are more likely to be stopped or killed by police. They belive that the suspect’s race may determine  whether the police officer will shot or not. Based on their research and statistics, white and black deaths were the police are included are very unequal. In this ongoing study by the Washington Post, this year, 46 percent of the 522 people killed by police shootings were white. 25 percent were black. Hispanic suspects made up 15 percent. They believe the facts behind these statements undermine its charges of racism and white supremacy. I believe that this subject is very relevant to a book we read that is called “The hate u give” by Angie Thomas.

Goal number 16: Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions

Making the world a better place seems so unfathomable and giving up or not even trying is a normal mind-set today. Therefore, the global goals were created to make it easier, breaking it down to smaller task that are accomplishable. We chose goal number 16 Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. Within this global goal there are sub-categories, which are smaller goals to effectively accomplish the global goal number 16. The sub-categories are as follows:

• Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.
• End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children.
• Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all.
• By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime.
• Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms.
• Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels.
• Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.
• Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance.
• By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration.
• Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements.
• Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime.
• Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development.

Within these categories we chose the topic of human trafficking and we will be spreading awareness concerning this topic. We actually chose the subgoal human trafficking, under goal number 16 which is named “Peace, Justice and Strong institutions.”. One the targets mentioned in the goals description is to end abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children. Human trafficking is a disgrace created by mankind, and we are gonna help solve it.

After researching Human Trafficking, we have come across some unbelievable facts and statistics. When we chose this goal, we thought it was an issue that pertained Globally, or that Human Trafficking was a foreign concept to Norway. But I guess I was wrong, because last year according to Aftenposten’s report 324 people were registered as suspected victims of human trafficking. This is 24 more than in previous year. The majority of victims are still women who are exploited in prostitution. The statistics are worse in other countries, like for instance the United States. Here are some statistics that proves how bad it is.

  • The International Labour Organization estimates that there are 20.9 million victims of human trafficking globally.
  • 68% of them are trapped in forced labor.
  • 26% of them are children.
  • 55% are women and girls.
  • The International Labor Organization estimates that forced Labor and human trafficking is a $150 billion industry worldwide.
  • The U.S. Department of Labor has identified 139 goods from 75 countries made by forced and child labor.
  • In 2016, an estimated 1 out of 6 endangered runaways reported to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children were likely child sex trafficking victims.
  • Of those, 86% were in the care of social services or foster care when they ran.
  • There is no official estimate of the total number of human trafficking victims in the U.S. Polaris estimates that the total number of victims nationally reaches into the hundreds of thousands when estimates of both adults and minors and sex trafficking and labor trafficking are aggregated.
  • (http://polarisproject.org/human-trafficking/facts

 

These statistics are just some of the many shocking numbers that coincide with such a global dilemma. People are unaware of the massive trafficking issue, which is a problem in itself.

Next week, my group and I will make an informative film regarding human trafficking. Our goal is to express awareness about the topic through film. The film is about a BBC reporter that gets access to one of the most “successful” traffickers in Northern Europe’s business. Showing of both the proses of trading at an auction and the life of a sexslave.

 

 

 

Sources: http://www.globalgoals.org/global-goals/peace-and-justice/

THE IMPORTANCE OF KNOWLEDGE IN A CHANGING WORLD

New Yorker´s article “why is Donald Trump still so horribly witless about the world” discusses different episodes when Donald Trump has said or done something stupid or awkward. We went through the article looking at each and every individual statement to see if we knew more that president Trump.

 

Firstly, the journalist asked several advisors and top republicans about what they think Trump needs to understand in order to succeed as the president. There was a wide range of answers, such as: “Embrace the fact that the Russians are not America’s friends”. This, we did know. Throughout the last couple of months, we have heard about the russian involvement in the previous US election. This is very scary considering the historical relationship between these two countries.

 

Some of the officials also said: “Don’t further alienate the Europeans, who are our friends”. We have not heard too much about how Trump is alienating europeans. We are not particularly aware that he specifically has done or said something that is targeting any sort of relationship between europe and the states. an exception to this might be NATO. Earlier this spring we do recall that he claimed something about that he wanted to pay less to NATO. To be honest, we have to say that we do not know too much about this to say if it is fair or not.

 

Furthermore, some top republicans and advisors answered “Understand that North Korea’s nuclear program can’t be outsourced to China, which can’t or won’t singlehandedly fix the problem anyway, and realize that military options are limited”. We had no idea about this, but we agreed that if we had to make any important decisions concerning this we would study it and learn everything about this.

 

It was also said: “Pulling out of innovative trade deals, like the Trans-Pacific Partnership, will boost China’s economy and secure its global influence—to America’s disadvantage”. Economic integration between nations is very important in order of keeping the economy growing. Also, we have heard about that The US has a whole lot of national debt in china, so it would make a sense that China earns money on making trade embargos between them and the US

 

Another thing they meant president trump has to grasp is: “Stop bullying his counterparts”.

Obviously.. It is important to keep a serious and respectful vibe when you are the most powerful human in the world. we would also say that it is a democratic problem that he shows such a lack of respect towards his the people he is working with.

 

Later on in the article, the journalist talks about more specific incidents where Trump has made some “blunders”. Among others we get to know about when President Trump was visiting with the lebanese prime minister. Trump managed to claim the the lebanese forces were fighting on the front line against other militant groups in the middle east. One group he mentioned was the Hezbollah. Trump was apparently not aware the the Hezbollah is a part of the lebanese army. That is common knowledge. At least we knew it. It is very frightening that the most powerful person on the surface of the world did not have that knowledge.

 

After reading about President Trump’s mistakes it’s safe to say that history is important. Not only is it important because it can make an situation awkward, but also because the very least we can do is appreciate. In the end, our ancestors risked their lives so we could live a better one. The most important things on why history is so important is that you can avoid making the same mistakes as the ones in the past. It’s also important to know  if your sources are correct or fake. Under is a list on how to spot fake news, but it can as well be used to spot fake sources.

 

Tips on how to reveal fake news and sources:

 

  • Be skeptical to headlines: Many fake news have catchy headlines with block letters and exclamation mark.
  • Look at the URL-address closely: This is an easy tips to follow up on, if the address is falsified or ends with .com.co, it is most likely not a reliable source. If there are any misspells in the address, you should not trust the site.
  • Examine the source: You can ensure yourself that the news are true, if you trust the person who wrote it, if it was written by an organisation you should look up and read about it before you trust it.
  • Look out for unusual formats: Many fake news sites have misspells and an awkward layout. You should be sceptical to what you read if you see these red flags.
  • Consider the images: Many fake news you pictures and videos who are manipulated or taken out of contents. You can search for where the picture is from.
  • Control the dates: Often fake news contain timelines who don’t make sense or  dates of events who has been changed.
  • Check the evidence: You can look at sources the article used and check if they are correct. If the news has a lack of sources and names of experts, it can seem like the news are fake.
  • Look at other articles and reports: If there are no other news sources who report the news, it can indicate that the news are fake. The news are more likely to be true, if multiple sources you trust report it.  
  • Is the news article a joke?  Sometimes it’s hard to separate humor and news. Therefor you can look if the page usually posts jokes.

 

Some news are fake on purpose: Be critical to what you read, and only share what you know are reliable.   

Redemption Day

 

We watched the movie “Erin Brockovich” today. The movie is based on a true story about Erin’s life.

 

Erin is an unemployed single mother of 3 children’s. With the lack of a formal education in law, she was very central and almost single-handed in a case against the Pacific Gas and Electric Company.

 

In general, everyone can have a significant difference in peoples life. There are different ways to have those impacts, for instance do the easy things like help people crossing the traffic, carry their heavy bag and so on. Or you can do it like Erin. Willing to sacrifice a lot, to let people live a normal life without any water pollution impacts, which can destroy peoples life. Erin worked for almost 2 years on the PG&E case.