A president without leading his folk into a peaceful society, with political freedom. Fighting against corruption and unemployment, is a president who should expect demonstrations from his folk. The people of Syria planned to march a peaceful uprising against their president, just like Tunisia. But their expectation did not become the reality, the uprising turned into a full-scale civil war.
In March 2011, a pro-democracy demonstrations erupted in the southern city of Deraa against president Bashar al-Assad, who succeeded his late father Hafez. When the government in Syria forced to crush the dissent with deadly forces, the protests from the people erupted nationwide. More than 400,000 people have been killed or are missing as a result of the deadly forces that got to be used. The three stages of Syria’s war starts with shootings, which is the most common cause of death, but that got replaced by mortar attacks during the conflict’s bloodiest period in 2012, followed by regime-led aerial strikes.
It is now more than a battle between those for or against president al-Assad. The situation has become far more complex, with other countries – each with their own agendas involved. Russia, Iran, France, US and UK are some of the countries that has engaged military and financial in the Syrian War. The war has extended to a whole new level, which also lead to a refugee crisis. 53% of Syrians have been uprooted from their homes. The pre war population of Syria was 22 million, there are now 5.6 million refugees and 6.1 million people who are internally displaced.
The war does not look like it will end any time soon, but everyone agrees a political solution is required. The future does not look bright, when President al-Assad has appeared increasingly unwilling to negotiate with the opposition. The demonstrators still insist he must step down as part of any settlement.